Environmental Impact Assessment -[EIA]

Key principles of EIA

Any project development must be environmentally sustainable and equitably meets the needs of present and future generations.

Implementation of any proposed project, development, activity or industrial establishment and any expansion thereat, which has the potential to cause significant adverse environmental impacts, shall not be started unless an EIA process is undertaken and an “environmental license” or Environmental Clearance (EC) is obtained in advance from the EPSS-Environmental Department.

The integration of the EIA process early into the project development cycle is a vital aspect of project planning. The EIA process, which primarily concerned with assessing the overall impacts of any proposed project, development or activity, also ensures the inclusion of necessary environmental protection, mitigation, and enhancement measures into the project design elements.

As a vital project planning and decision-making tool, the EIA process guides the Proponent, Stakeholder and the Competent Authority into making an informed decision whether or not the proposed project development meets the desired criteria on sustainability and economic viability.

Effective review of the EIA document depends largely on accurate, complete and timely disclosure of relevant information, usually provided by the Project Proponent and concerned Stakeholders during the EIA process. The EIA report serves as the most vital document in evaluating the environmental soundness and viability of a proposed project or activity. The EIA report holds the key in leading the EIA process into an informed decision whether an environmental license can be issued or not.

The Project Proponent has the primary duty, and is responsible for disclosing all relevant information of the project scope to produce a substantial EIA Report.