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Protection against Ionizing Radiation

Radiation has a wide range of applications such as medical treatment and diagnosis, radiography in non-destructive testing, nuclear power reactors, nuclear processing plants, agriculture, food preservation, sterilization, waste treatment, laboratories and many others. The range and frequency of applications grow each year, as more industries want greater efficiency and reliability in their operations. Consequently, radiological protection requires updated legislation as another step to a safer environment.

Short-term exposure to a high dose of radiation can have a fatal effect. Long term exposure to lower doses of ionizing radiation increases the risk of developing cancer. Reducing the risk by some control measures can be costly. Hence, the ALARP (as low as reasonably practicable) principle was conceived. ALARP implies a balance between cost of additional measures and keeping doses low to acceptable level.

Technical Guideline No.(8) covers ionizing radiation sources and substances (including contaminated substances) that emit Alpha, Beta, Gamma, X-Ray, and Neutron. It does not cover non-ionizing radiation and any other type of radiation that is not mentioned above. This Technical Guideline does not cover Ionizing Radiation for medical practice except for the transport of Radioactive Material where they are covered by applicable regulations.

This Technical Guideline on Ionizing Radiation is issued in accordance to Local Order 61/1991 and the Code of Practice for the Management of Dangerous Goods in the Emirate of Dubai. It also provides guideline in implementing FANR regulations in the Emirates of Dubai. For the purposes of this Guideline, Competent Authority shall be referred to FANR on the federal level (UAE) and in the local level, Emirate of Dubai, the Environment Department of Dubai Municipality.